Can you unscramble the word LUPS

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, A LOOIC BACIC:Reviewing "l5 entertainment highlights MORE IN WEEKENDER:Tuolumne County prepares to defend poetry title; Christmas dinners bring community together



DECEMBER 24, 2015

Minimum wage

ay increasewornessma usinesses





Workers earning minimum wage will move from $9 to $10 per hour on the first of the year, after legislation passed in 2013scheduled stepped increases from an $8-per-hour

ers in Tuolumne County, but larger employers may take the pay change in stride, said Come January, Mother Larry Cope,director of the Lode employers will join the Tuolumne County Economic rest of California and pay Development Authority. minimum wage workers the rate. Cope and the organizahighest state-mandated miniThe raise could spell trou- tion are funded through the mum wage in the country. ble for small business own- CityofSonora and Tuolumne The Union Democrat

CHiPs for KldsThe 2015 CHiPs for Kids toy drive successfully collected more than 500 toys, stuffed animals and games, $460 in gift cards and 28 bicycles. A2

County to help grow and at tract business in the region. Depending on the size of the business, the new pay will a6ect profits differently, but any b usiness paying minimum wage is going to see costsgo up,meaning possible higher prices for customers

and employers, Cope said. Businesses likely to feel the biggest impact are small restaurantswith a large service stafF, Cope said. This is a chain of events Lana Smith, co-owner of the Diamondback SeeWAGES/BackPage



clles Ill

Protet pipesIUD advises residents to winterize before pipes freeze.A2

apparent nlUI"del-



• KEEP HOLIDAYS HAPPY:Stress can affect development and future well-being of children.B1 • CHRISTMAS CLOSURES:Prompt Cares closed on holiday. B1 • DR. OZ:Don't get sick from a plane flight.B1





The Union Democrat

A husband and wife died in an apparent murder-sui cide Tuesday evening near Murphys, Calaveras County officials said Wednesday. County Coroner Kevin Raggio identified the couple as Carl Rasmussen, 71, and Dot Rasmussen, 64, both of Murphys. According to a Calaveras County SherilFs Office press release,the office received a report from a man about 5:20 p.m. Tuesday who said he had just shot his wife. The Sheri6"s Office and Angels Camp Police Department responded to an address near Murphys, where they found two people deceased, both with apparent gunshot wounds, sheri6's personnel said. The causes of the death had not been released, Raggio said. The Sheri6"s Office did not


• 'FROGS FALL:Kyle Olsen has huge night in Bret Harte loss.C1 • ONE LASTTIME?: Raiders face Chargers in what could be Oakland finale.C1 • NBA: Kings hang on for win at Indiana.C1 • NINERS:If San Francisco fires Tomsula, who's on the short list? C1



Kim (left) and Kathy McLawhorn, who have been homeless for the past year, sit in their new Sonora apartment during their move-in day earlier this month.


Army vet moves into apartment after a year on the streets

• Property taxes on homes whose values were temporarily reduced during the recession under Proposition 8 can be raised more than 2 percent if the home's market value increased more than 2 percent. A story in Wednesday's Union Democrat contained incorrect information. Also, a quotation about California's economic state and rising home values was incorrectly attributed in the same story. George Runner, vice chairman of the State Board of Equalizations First District, said, "This is a general reflection on the general state of the economy in California. As we are coming out of a recession, people are finally gaining back value in their properties." • Creekside Community Church in Sonora will not hold a Christmas Eve service today. Incorrect information was published in Tuesday's Union Democrat.

See COUPLE / Back Page

"I think we need to look at people as people, not as aristocrats or homeless. We' re all human beings and need to look out for

By ALEX MacLEAN The Union Democrat

Kim McLawhorn won't have to worry about starting a fire in the

cold weather to cook Christmas dinner this year. The 55-year-old United States Army veteran and his wife, Kathy, moved into a new apartment earlier this month after being homeless since September 2014, living in a

each other."

Skier, 60, dies at Bear Valley

— Hazel Mitchell, of Give Someone a Chance

veteransservice organizations for the past year to obtain a housing voucher through the U.S. Departtent on the outskirts of Sonora. ment ofHousing and Urban Devel'The whole deal was unexpected," opment's Veterans Affairs SupportMcLawhorn said on Dec. 11, while ive Housing program. moving into his new place at Quail The voucher covers most of the Hollow One Apartments in Sonora. monthly rent for homeless military McLawhorn has been working veterans who qualify, similar to with local homeless advocates and HUD's Section 8 program.

After months of p aperwork, McLawhorn finally received his voucher on Dec. 8.

The timing couldn't be better for McLawhorn and his wife, who have weathered some cold rain storms the past couple months. They also celebrated their sixth wedding an-

By GUY McCARTHY The Union Democrat

A 60-year-old man collapsed and died while skiing Wednesday at Bear Valley in Alpine County, a public relations representative for the ski resort said. The man, whose name was not released, was a guest skiing on one of the resort's designated runs when he collapsed, got up and collapsed again, Mare Gendron of MarComm PR said in a phone interview Wednesday night. The man was pronounced dead at the scene about 1:40 p.m. There was no collision with vegetation, an object,

See HOME / Back Page

Snowpack 'encouraging' but drought is not over They say current snowpack water content, based on sensor data, is higher than average but "drought's still on." People with the state Department of Sierra Nevada snowpack, the state' s Water Resources are touting plans for water bank, is a key indicator for statetheir first manual snow survey this win- wide water supply forecasts. It normally ter season, Dec. 30 at Phillips Station ofF contributesabout 30 percent ofCaliforHighway 50, about 90 miles northeast nia's water when it melts. of Sonora. Electronic snowpack readings and By GUY McCARTHY The Union Democrat

Calendar........................ •

Maggie Beck / Union Democrat

Purchasephotos online at www.uniondemocrat.corn
















Health & Medicine.......

...Az O b ituaries........

... cs Opinion ............ ...Aa S ports............... ... B1 Tv......................


precipitation measurements since Oct. 1 already show this winter in the Central Sierra Nevada and the Mother Lode is wetter than last, which was one of the region's warmest and driest on record. Rainfall and snowfall measured since Oct. 1 in the Mokelumne, Stanislaus,

We+ther Page C6

Meet Dr. Parsa. An expert in women's health. And kindness.

See SNOWPACK/ Back Page


See SKIER/Back Page

TodaY:High 42, Low 29 Friday:High 45, Low 29 Satu r day: High 44, Low 19

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A2 — Thursday, December 24, 2015

Sonora, California


CHiPs for Kids


A tree blew over onto a house in Arkansas, killing an 18-year-old woman and trapping a 1-year-old child inside, authorities said. Rescuers HOLLY SPRINGS, Miss. pulled the toddler safely &om — A storm system forecast- the home. ers called "particularly danAuthorities in Mississippi gerous"killed four people as did nothave details ofthose it swept across the country dead after multiple tornadoes W ednesday, and offi cialswere hit the state. In Benton Counsearchingfor missing people ty, where two deaths occurred into the night. and at least two people were Tornadoes touched down missing, crews were searchin Indiana and Mississippi, ing each house and in wooded where three were killed. areasto make sure residents were accounted for.

4 killed as storm hits the South

Dec. 23

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Muslim family kept from boarding plane

Daily 3

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LONDON — British Prime Minister David Cameron will look into claims that U.S. officials prevented a British Muslim family of 11 &om flying to Disneyland for a planned holiday. The issue is sensitive because U.S. Republican presidential contender Donald Trump has called for a temporary ban on Muslims visiting the U.S. due to concerns about extremist attacks.

Stella Creasy, a member of the opposit ion Labour Party, said Wednesday that U.S. officials gave no explanation for refusing to allow her constituents to board a flight &om Gatwick Airport on Dec. 15, so she wrote Cameron seeking his intervention. — The Associated Press

L Civil Engineering Land Surveying Structural Engineering Site Development Services Residential 8 Commercial Building Design

Providingcreative design and engineering solutionsto meet your eject object ives. 105 S Stewart St, Sonora, T. 532.5173 www.landstruc.corn

The 2015 CHiPs for Kids toy drive successfully collected more than 500 toys, stuffed animals and games, $460 in gift cards, and 28 bicycles, which were delivered to the Santa's Express Program The~ on Dec.18. The goal of the ReSOurCe ~or toy drive was to provide Connec playthings for hospitalized and disadvantaged youth in Calaveras County. "It' s a great reflection on how our local community supports one another during this difficult holiday season," said D. E. Lewis, San l~ Andreas CHP commander. "Even what one might consider a little assistance can make the world of difference to some of these families." Courtesy photo

TUD advises: winterize before pipes freeze freezing, wrap them with insulating material," people at TUD advise. "Cover them The approaching storm with plastic and secure with that could bring a white tape,string,orwire.Also,reChristmas to Soulsbyville, member to disconnect garEast Sonora and Sonora is den hoses. Convenient and also packing overnight lows inexpensivefoam and fi berin the 20s for three consecu- glass insulation are availtive nights. able at hardware stores. Overnight lows in Colum- Electric heat tapes are also bia, Sonora and Jamestown available to prevent pipe could plunge to 28 tonight, freezingofexposed pipes." 28 Friday night and 25 Saturday night, according to Shut-off valve the National Weather Service. And ifyou don't already With more cold tempera- know where it is, locate your tures on the way as winter main shut-off valve. "Don't wait for an emerclamps down, people at Tuolumne Utilities District gency," people at TUD adurge customers to winterize vise. "Find your main water homes and properties. shut-off valve now. If a pipe breaks, you can stop excessive water loss and flooding Insulate by turning off your main Residents ca n p r e v ent water shut-off valve. It is frozen water pipes by insu- commonly located next to lating outside pipes and fau- the meter, in the garage, or cets, pipes in unheated ga- outdoors by the foundation. rages and crawl spaces, and Test the valves by turning any other locations prone the handle to be sure it is to freezing. People at TUD working properly and idenrecently sent information tify it with a tag. If a main valvedoesnotexist, out to all customers urging shut-off them to take steps before it is worth having one inpipes freeze. stalled now by your plumb"To prevent pipes from er." By GUY McCARTHY The Union Democrat

Adviceforvacant homes

light bulb, a hair dryer set on TUD also advises prop- low, the exhaust from a vac-

erty owners to winterize any

uum cleaner or heat tape,"

homes they plan to keep vacant. They recommend the following steps: • Turn off the main water shut-off valve. Remember to turn off electricity or gas to

people at TUD advise. "Use only heavy-duty extension cords. Use your hands to find the coldest point on the pipe, which is usually where the ice is located. Keep the heat moving in that general area, but never concentrate heat on one spot. If that doesn' t work, call a plumber." According to t he Tuolumne Utilities District, signs of a broken TUD water main include water running down the road and buckled pavement. If you suspect an emergency or a main water line is broken, call TUD's 24-hour customer service at 532-5536. Be prepared to wait on hold if you call TUD during freezing weather. The district expects to handle a largenumber ofcalls. For more information on how to protect homes in the

water heater.

• Shut off nd a drain the water system. Open indoor and outdoorfaucets to drain pipes. • Flush the toilet once to drain the tank but not the bowl. • Le ave cabinet doors open so room heat can reach pipes. • Leave heat on at a minim um temperature of 4 5 degrees or warmer to help keep pipes from freezing in interior walls. • Do not leave water run-


Other tips People at TU D a dvise storing extra water during &eezing weather in case a main break or frozen pipe cuts off your water supply. If a pipefreezes,never thaw with an open flame. "Apply heat slowly with a

winter, visit www.tudwater.

corn online. Contact Guy MCCarthy at [email protected] corn or 588-4585. Follow

him on Twitter I GuyMcCarthy.


Ce e rate a Season 0


For complete arts and enMemorial Hall. tertainment listings, see the Weekender, published ThursCALAVERAS days in The Union Democrat.



TODAY Christmas Eve

TODAY Christmas Eve Sierra Club day hike,hiker's

FRIDAY Christmas Day Community Christmas din-

choice, meet 9 a.m., Mary Lavero- ner, 1 to 3 p.m., Native Sons Hall, ni Community Park, Highway 120, Main Street, Murphys, 736-6177. Groveland. Community Christmas DinThe Union Democrat ner, noon to 6 p.m., Sierra Build- Calendar attempts to list all ing, Mother Lode Fairgrounds, non-commercial events of Sonora. public interest in the greater Tuolumne and Calaveras FRIDAY county areas. Contributions Christmas Day are welcome. Call 588-4547, Christmas Dinner with visit 84 S. Washington St., Friends, 1 to 4 p.m., Sonora Op- Sonora, or email Ibrowning© era Hall and Tuolumne Veterans uniondemocrat. corn.

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Sonora, California

Thursday, December 24, 2015 — A3


OBITUARIES Obituary policy Obituaries, including photos, are published at a pre-paid fee based onsize.The deadline is 5 p.m. two business days prior to publication. Call 532-7151, fax 532-5139 or send to obitsiuniondemocrat.corn. Memorial ads are published at a pre-paid fee based on size. The deadline is noon two business days prior to publication. Please call 5884555 for complete information.

David 'Dave' Vaughn June 14, 1930 —Dec. 14, 2015


1930, passed away Dec. 14, 2015. Dave was born in Los Angeles but grew up in Hanford, California. He graduated &om Hanford High School. He met and married his wife, Jackie, in 1950 while working in a grocery store of which he later became the proprietor. Dave was the ultimate grocer. He loved the work and loved the people. He had his first store, Dave's Drive-In Market on 10th Avenue inHanford, at the age of 24. While raising his family in Hanford he changed occupations several times. Over the years he had a liquor store, sold life insurance and dabbledin real estate.Dave served 10 years in the National Guard Reserves and achieved the rank of 2nd Lieutenant. He was a mem-

ber of the Elks, was actively involved in his community as well as politics during these years. Dave partnered with his brother and brother-in-law in another grocery store in


El Portal near Yosemite. In

David "Dave" L e ster Vaughn, born on June 14,

1970, he acquired the grocery store in Pinecrest and moved to Strawberry. He will be forever remembered as an

Sean's career included B., Ron E. and Jack.

iconic figure by generations H ospice oryour favorite of people who have camped or charity in his honor. visited Pinecrest consistently over the years. In the '80s Dave had a Sean Patrick s econd home built in A r Harrington royo Grande. He would then Nov. 11, 1941 —Dec. 8, 2015 spend summers working at his store and spend winters .'t on thecentral coast.A fter re-


i,) ) t l

.i .-

tiring in 2002, Dave enjoyed golfing and traveling with his wife, going to the movies, and spending time with family and &iends. Dave is survived by his daughter an d s o n-in-law, Valerie and Allen Barber, of Twain Harte; his son, Dan Vaughn, of Strawberry; his daughter Kim Bramm, of MiWuk Village; his seven grandchildren: Michelle Oliveira, Andrea Wulf, David Barber, Brooke Watkins, Stephanie Bramm, Jessica Bramm, Sean Patrick Harrington of Jackie Vaughn; and 15 great- Groveland, passed away Dec. grandchildren. 8, 2015. He was born Dave was preceded in November 11, 1941, in Spodeath by his wife of almost 65 kane, Washington, to Thomas years, Jackie; his mother, Cla- David and Helen Armstrong ribel Briner; his father, Frank Landers. Sean was raised Lester Vaughn; and his broth- by Joseph and Helen Harrington. He received a busier, Jack Vaughn. No services will be held ness degree &om Southwest for Dave. In lieu of flowers, University, was a member of donations may be made to Mensa, and a U.S. Army vetWilshire eran.

many years in logistics and supply chain management primarily working in California, Colorado and Utah. He also owned his own engine and car repair business and was an avid Formula V race

He was preceded in death by his parents, his wife of 32 years, Annette; his brother Peter; his sister Kathy; and dear friend, Barry. Sean will be greatly missed and remembered often.

car owner and driver. Sean met his wife, Annette,

Death notices

while living in Palo Alto. They married on January 19, 1975, in Boulder, Colorado. Annette's children, Jeff and Jodie Sanders, joined them in Boulder and later the family welcomed a son, Peter. Sean and Annette decided to retir e to Groveland where they enjoyed nature's beauty and the peaceful environ-

Death Notices in The Union Democrat are published free of charge.They include the name, age and town of residence of the deceased, the date of death; service information; and memorial contribution information. The deadline is noon the day before publication.

ment. After Annette passed

away in 2007, Sean continued on in Groveland along with hisbeloved cats.He loved the area wildlife and always had his hummingbird and wild bird feeders filled. Survivors include his son Peter Harrington, of San Jose; sister Ann (Harry) Howell, of M onterey; JeffSanders,ofSan Jose, Jodie (Mark) Strecker, of Singapore, mother-in-law Cecile Kennedy, of Layton, Utah; sister-in-law Colleen (Bill) Walford, of Layton, Utah, as well as dear friends, Pat, Ron

BRANDAU Sharon Brandau, 68, of Twain Harte, died Wednesday at Sonora Regional Medical Center. Terzich and Wilson Funeral Home is handling arrangements. BROADDUS David Broaddus, 87, ofSoulsbyville, died Wednesday at Modesto Post Acute Center. Terzich and Wilson Funeral Home is handling arrangements. CAMPBELL — S h i rley "Stony" Campbell, 94, died Tuesday at his home in Sonora. Heuton Memorial Chapel is handling arrangements.


Highway 120 said her friend posted a suspicious photo to a social e and she has not been TheSonoraPolice Department mediasit able to reach her. reported the following: 3:33 p.m., Jamestown —Mail was stolen on Jim Brady Road. TUESDAY 4:05 p.m., Sonora —A check1:40 a.m., fight — Two men fought off East Church and South book was stolen at a Lolly Lane residence. Stewart streets. 6:15 p.m., Columbia —A wom10:06 a.m., theft —Items were stolen Monday night on Wall an hit multiple people at a Columbia Village Drive residence. Street. 7:35 p.m., Senora —Someone 2:10 p.m., reckless driving — A slapped a person on Greenley woman drove on the wrong side Road. of Mono Way while texting. 9:56p.m.,assault — Someone was assaulted at a Columbia Way residence.

Felony bookings

TUESDAY The Sheriff's 0$ce reported 4:08 p.m., Columbia — Kyle Jared Simas, 29, of the 11000 the following: block of Columbia College Drive, was booked on suspicion of three TUESDAY 5:11 a.m., Tuolumne —A Pine felony charges including unlawful Street man heard someone under sexual intercourse with a minor hishouse.When he went outside, more than three years younger, he saw a thin man with long, dark after an arrest on Columbia College Drive. hair. 10:03 a.m., Soulsbyville Arrests Someone attempted to steal an antique ore cart from Willow Cited on suspicion of driving unSprings Drive. 1:44 p.m., Groveland —A gas der theinfluence of alcohol or drugs: tank was stolen on Skyridge Drive. TUESDAY 2:23 p.m., Jamestown — A w oman off Jacksonville Road and None reported.


arrest on Highway 49. Brandon Leslie Earl, 28, of the 400 Arrests block of Mariposa Street, San An6:46 p.m., Angels CampThe Sheriffs CNice reported KristanDallas Strahorn, 35, of the dreas, was booked on suspicion Cited on suspicion of driving of second-degree burglary, receivthe following: 300 block of North Baker Street, under the influence of alcohol or ing known stolen property of at was booked on suspicion of as- least$950, misdemeanor posses- drugs: TUESDAY sault with a deadly weapon after sion of a controlled substance and 10:53 a.m., San Andreas — A an arrest on North Baker Street. TUESDAY misdemeanor being under the inpile of mail was on the roadside fluence of a controlled substance. 9:30 p.m., Valley SpringsNone reported. off Old Gulch and Calaveritas I'oads. 3:16 p.m., Murphys —A tailNotice of a Finding of No Significant Impact IFONSII gate was stolen on Snowberry Court. December 21, 2015 — The USDA, Rural Utilities Service has received an application for financial 3:51 p.m., San Andreas assistance from the Lake Don Pedro Community Services District (LDPCSD) for the construction Medication was stolen on Lewis Avenue. of Well ¹5 to supplement the community's water supply during this drought emergency. The 4:50p.m.,M urphys — A vehicle proposed project consists of construction of a groundwater well to serve as a public drinking on North Algiers Street was vanwater source, as well as the necessary associated well exploration, drilling, testing, pipeline and dalized with paint and mustard. e lect rica I connections and well controls. 7:02 p.m., Arnold —Trees were cut down at a Eliese Drive rental house. As required by the National Environmental Policy Act, the Rural Utilities Service has assessed 7:52 p.m., Valley Springsthe potential environmental effects ofthe proposed projectand has determined that the An "odd" smell was reported off proposal will not have a significant effect on the human environment and for which an Paloma Road. Environment Impact Statement will not be prepared. The basis of this determination is the review of all environmental information including any comments from the public and Felony bookings regulatory agencies. TUESDAY 3:15 p.m., Angels Camp Copies of the Environmental Assessment can be reviewed at the LDPCSD office located at 9751 Mitchell Lee Ballard, 27, of the Merced Falls Rd., La Grange, CA 95329 or obtained at the USDA Rural Development Modesto 700 block of Mark Twain Road, Office, 3800 Cornucopia Way, Suite E, Modesto, CA 95358. For further information, please was booked on suspicion of recontactJose Guardado at 209-538-3783. vocation of command supervision and misdemeanor controlled substance paraphernalia after an A general location map of the proposal is shown in Figure 1.

Man arrested on suspicionOf sex crimes involving a minor


College dormitory building, where the alleged sex acts took place. The Sheriff's Office learned of the crime after the fannly of the alleged vtctim, a 16-year-old girl, came forward with the

By TORI THOMAS The Union Democrat

A 29-year-old Columbia man was arrested Tuesday evening at a dormitory building at Columbia College on suspiinformation,the press release said. cion of sex crimes. Simas is being held at the Tuolumne KyleJared Simas was arrested about County Jail on $125,000 bond. 4 p.m. Tuesday at Columbia College and Anyone with information on the alcharged with three sex-related felonies, Si m a s leged incident is asked to call the Sheriff's Office at 533-5815. including unlawful sexual intercourse with a minor more than three years younger. According to a Tuolumne County Sheriff's Contact Tori Thomas at tthomasO Office press release, Simas lives at a Columbia uniondemocrat.corn or 588-4526.


Well e


Figure 1 PublicationDate: December 24,25 8r26,2015 'Ihe Union Democrat, Sonora CA 95370

Tray the r ease. During the holidays, many Tuolumne County residents will be busy cooking in their kitchens. To avoid potential plumbing and sewer disasters, the Wastewater and Sanitary agencies of Tuolumne County would like to remind residents how to properly dispose of fats, oils and grease, Sewer blockages can cause backups into homes resulting in an unpleasant mess that can cost hundreds and sometimes thousands of dollars to clean up.

RA Pre.

'.iRE,II3 IiE

Listed below are safe disposal tips for fats, oils, and grease to help You avoid a plumbing emergency this holiday season: • Avoid pouring fats or vegetable cooking oils down the drain because liquid fats solidify in the pipes and create clogs, •




• After grease has cooled, scrape the grease into a container with a tight fitting lid. Solidify in the refrigerator before putting it in the trash. • Never put hard to grind items in your garbage disposal, including poultry skins, egg shells, carrots, celery, pumpkin pulp, banana peels, or pasta. This educational information is proudly sponsored by: Groveland Community Services District, Jamestown Sanitary District, Tuolumne City Sanitary District, Tuolumne County Solid Waste Department, Tuolumne Utilities District, Twain Harte Community Services District and Waste Management. ~


[email protected]




1trtrS ~

uk e uson

~ Facebook

Tuolumne City Sanitary District

Groveland • Community Services District



A4 — Thursday, December 24, 2015

Sonora, California


Enrroaau,Bown Kari Borgen, Interim Publisher Lyn Riddle, Editor

Write a letter


[email protected]


New year, new chances


Plt ~


After a certain age, favorite holiday memories tend to meld into tales too good to be true. This is human nature. We want to believe we' re better than the evidencesuggests.This is a good habitofour species, especially at the end of this year, in which we' ve seen so much of the worst in us. There is no such thing as perfection whenever

we add memories of past holiday experiences to the combustible mix of family and friends. Add booze and a couple of sturdy grudges and "Grey Gardens" has nothing over the drama unfolding in front of us as we shake our heads. Nevertheless, with the passageof time, ' COnnie





shrine these get-togethers as something magical. This speaks to something good in us. Most of us want to be people who love people, so we manage the willpower to love even the people who get on our last nerve. Which at least one of them surely will; we just know it. You will note that I am laying blame elsewhere for all that might annoy us this holiday season. I employ this nifty trick of memory so that, at least for the duration of this column, we can all feel superior and terribly misunderstood. My gift to you. Merry Christmas, if you celebrate. Otherwise: Happy Solstice Week. Be sure to look out the window tomorrow morning. Already, the darkness is ending a teensy bit sooner.

This has been a rough year in our lives, even if we harbor no personal grievance because of what is churning out there all around us. Just this once, let's not rattle off the list. Many of us will continue to stake out our own little patches of righteousness, but this is the time of year when we should at least try to acknowledge the truth of the matter: We are all in this together. Former astronaut John Glenn, a dear friend, once described for me what it was like to hover 150 miles above the Earth and get a good look at the rest of us: "On a map, every nation has a different color,"

he said. 'Well, the Earth looks much difFerent &om space. You realizeour bordersare so artifi cial. Some are political; some have developed along ethnic lines. But all those lines disappear when you' re looking down from space. And you can't help but see all that we have in common and think about how much we foul things up by focusing on our differences rather than our sameness." I don't expect us to link arms and sing to the heavens. For one thing, there'd be that unpleasant argument over which version of heaven and another over

whose version of God would be listening. And that' s just among the believers. Pass. Instead, I ask that, in the spirit of the season, we pause to consider what we still have in common with one another. It's there, in every single person we can imagine. I know, I know. Work through the wince. Breathe. Three days before Christmas, I was about to start dinner, when my friend Jackie called.She and her wife, Kate, live just down the street. "Go to the Square," she said. ''Why?" I asked as I shut off the burner. "I'm not telling you. Just go — and bring your camera."

My husband and I threw on our jackets and began the short walk to the community park that greets everyone who enters our neighborhood in Cleveland. Dozens of luminarias Qickered on the ground around the gazebo. Two deer ventured forth as we walked among the lights and ofFered nods to the fat moon competing for attention. I loved watching neighbors pulling in to the development after a long day at work and slowing their cars to a crawl to take in the sight of this unexpected kindness. I have no idea which neighbors made the effort to do this, but I know we need more people like them. I am grateful for the reminder that small gestures can ignite big hopes and that there are many ways to light the darkness. To those who don't celebrate Christmas, thank you for putting up with those of us who do. If you are struggling right now, may the holiday land gently. Off we go, into the new year, where each of us will have the chance to do better.



A humble mourner offers hope to all In a day and time when everyone is so important, when even the dumbest politician or silliest reality-TV star demands our attention, is it not comforting to know that there are still those who could be kings but who behave like the rest of us? Over the past 14 years of this column pie wasting their time," he declared. I have triedto avoid the personal side, For the most part he was right. Don't get me wrong. I loved my father, although I'm sure there have been exceptions. But now I bare my soul and heart to and he lovedme, too.He was a deeply those who care. caring and generous man. I was his only In late November my father died. We child. And with his guidance I left poliall lose parents, and I know I'm not alone. tics, immersed myself in business and I get it. Move on with life, they say. am blessed with all that I (hopefully) will But this Christmas season I have my ever need, all because of him. own lesson that I have learned, and I will So many people in politics, business share it with those who care to read. It and entertainment view themselves as is a message that has run throughout the virtual "kings" because of their self-images,but itneverceasesto be onewe can portant, infiated egos. all learn again. In reality, true kings are humble. They A "king" can come amongst a crowd, are loving and giving. They would likely and if he is truly of greatness, he can come have traveledgreat distances to worship almost without notice. That was the case a baby in a manger had they lived in such in Bethlehem so many years ago, and it times. That brings me to a mourner. remains so today. A review of those who had signed the To be clear, my dad was not a king. list of attendees at my father's funeral He was, to those who knew him, more included scores of friends and family, all like an emperor. He was successful and equally beloved and important. But one wise and very intimidating. Not Donald name, a person who went unnoticed by Trump successful. More like Fred Trump me during the service, caught my attensuccessful. Nevertheless, he was a busi- tion. nessman whose acumen and ability were admired bymany, and whose tough ap-

Despite having mild and very manageable Parkinson's disease, this person drove himself to the funeral alone. Despite being a senior member of "the world's most exclusive club," the U.S. Senate, he came without security or stafK He never announced his arrival or his departure.He had come as a humble mourner, lost in a crowd. He gained nothing from being present. He was there simply torespect a friend'spassing. Trust me, no matter what your politics, we need men and women like this in public oKce, lest they all abandon that noble cause of public service — ironically, the one for which my father had little use. We need more "kings without scepters and splendor": true servants in life, quiet mourners in death. The man's name? Some might guess it, but it really doesn't matter. What matters is that in this day and age of politicians, business leaders and entertainers consumed with their titles and trappings, good men and women can stil l be found among them.


Matt Towery

Matt Towery is a nationally syndicated columnist, pollster, author and attorney,

tycho lives i n Atlanta with his t'ai feand chiMren.

proach earned itsshare ofdetractors.

He could be tender or stern. No shocker there, given how many other parents born in the years of the Great Depression meet that same description. He built companies, bought real estate, sold holdings to publicly held companies and never owed a single dollar to anyone. He was brilliant and my hero. But, oh, how he despised politics! On the day I won the Republican nomination for lieutenant governor of Georgia many years ago, he told me bluntly that I had accomplished nothing. "Politics is for nobodies," he said. That sentence stuck in my mind forever. The day I was sworn into the Georgia House of Representatives the weather was bad and the parking was lacking. My mother made it to the House gallery to see me take my oath of office. My dad chose to leave before the ceremony. The place was "crowded with peo-

S kew ed:..Yoai~ m4 polli~ 4~o



Connie Schultz is a veteranjournalist and columnistand the winner ofa 2005 Pulitzer Prize for commentary.

LETTERS INVITED The unionOem~rat welcomes letters for publication on anysubject as long asthey are tasteful and responsible and aresigned with the full name of the writer lincluding a phone number andaddress, for verification purposes only). Letters should not exceed300words. A maximum of one letter per writer can bepublished every two weeks. The newspaper reserves the right to edit for brevity, clarity, taste and style. Please, no business thank-yous, businessendorsements or poetry. Wewill not publish consumer complaints against businesses or personal attacks.Letters may beemailed to lettersI uniondemocrat.corn; mailed to 84 S.Washington St., Senora 95370; faxed to 209-532-6451; ordelivered in person.

YOUR VIEWS Cancel LRSO weapon plan To the Editor: The Pentagon has requested that a new nuclearcapable Wng-Range Stand Off (LRSO) weapon be developed to replace an old air-launch cruise missile. The Air Force has plans to purchase over 1,000 LRSO's. The developmentof the LRSO would increase U.S. nuclear air launch cruise missilecapacityby nearly 200percent. The Lawrence Livermore Lab has been

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placed in charge of refurbishing the nuclear explosive package and developing detonators for the new LRSO. Sandia Lab, also in Livermore, is responsible for the construction of some non-nuclear parts and for systems integration. The Federation of American Scientists estimate the full development of the LRSO including the W80-4 warhead to be as high as $20billion.Here are a few facts about $20 billion: • Stacking $20 bills, $20 billion would reach over 60 miles high. • $20 billion could purchase 35 billion bushels of wheat at current market price.

DEPARTIIENT HEADS Kari Borgen, Interim Publisher Lyn Riddle, Editor [email protected]

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Just one bushel of wheat yields roughly 90 one pound loaves of whole wheat bread. The LRSO is incredibly costly and it is a weapon that the United States can never use. The creation of these weapons is incredibly detrimental to the environment and increases the risk of nuclear terrorism in Livermore. In 2008, the Lawrence Livermore National Lab failed a terrorist exercise. Canceling the LRSO would be a significant first step toward fiscal responsibility and global security.

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CORRECTIONS The Union Dem ocrat's primary concern is that

all stories are accurate. Ifyou know of an error in a story, call us at 209-532-7151.

Joseph Rodgers Sonora

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Sonora, California

Thursday, December 24, 2015 â&#x20AC;&#x201D; A5


') / 7( . 3 i



Dana Bachman Maggie Beck

Shannon Ellis

Jacob Bennett

Lynne Fernandez

Lori Berg Becky Botts Lydia Browning

Scott Finn

Tom Farrish

Jacob Fraker

Kathy Burton

Joshua Gardner Wendy Gast

Sean Carson

Deanna Gosselin

Janna Collins

Margie Cooper

Doris Hill Taylor Luckie

Jason Cowan

Alex Maclean

Guy Dossi Rhiannon Dougherty

Guy McCarthy Barbara Micheli

Manuel Millanes Andrea Moore Ed Moore Mike Morris Mitchell Nihonyanagi Pamela Orebaugh Jessica Penfold Lacey Peterson Peggy Pietrowicz Yochanan Quillen Lyn Riddle Derek Rosen

Penny Scheller Sharon Sharp Joseph Souza Connie Taylor Tori Thomas Margie Thompson Cathy Tripp Amanda Vaughn Carole Walker Zachary Watkins Beverly Woodland Kassandra Yates

Bill Rozak



A6 — Thursday, December 24, 2015

Airlines prep for holidays: More flights, bigger planes

WAGE Continued from Page Al Grill in Sonora, fully expects to see.

"If they keep raising the minimum wage, we will not survive as a business," Smith said. "Over time, as the minimum wage goes up, the price of a hamburger goes up." The grill employs just over 35 workers, the majority of whom are servers earning minimum wage. The raise not only afFects pay, but will raise worker compensation insurance rates that are based on payroll , Smith said. "Minimum-wage jobs are not to support your family," Smith said. "Minimum-wage jobsareforpeoplethatare in high school and college trying to betterthemselves and get ahead. They' re the first position jobs to get your foot in the door with no experience, where the employer has to spend time training you and working." Smith supported herself as a serverfor most ofher life, but the choice required her to work multiple jobs and earn a degree on the side. When she took over the business a year and half ago, the boost to $9 was in efFect. Smith already pays $10 an hour to employees at her other business, a bar in San Jose, where the city established a higher wage earlier than the state. The wage hasn't hurt bar business much, but she still expects a raise in Sonora to take a toll. There is no plan for how the business will incorporate the added cost. Smith's biggest concern is that the 1 percent profit she said she makes now is barely enough to support the business.

DALLAS (AP) — Airlines are shifting the The catch: flights are extremely full over timing of thousands of flights, even adding the holiday period, with most travelers undozensofredeyes,asthey try to avoid delays able to make changes in their schedule. while hauling millions of passengers from Airlines expect about 38 million passennow through the Christmas weekend. gersover a 17-day period spanning ChristSuccess or failure could all depend on the mas and New Year' s, an increase of about weather and Mother Nature isn't making it 3 percent, according to an industry trade easy on airlines. group, Airlines for America. The group says Rain and fog in the Northeast caused de- the average flight could be 90 percent full. lays and cancellations Wednesday in Boston, Crowds like that mean that any hiccup New York and Washington — the busiest in the system — delays at a major airport, part of the country's airspace. Rain in Chica- a technology glitch — can ripple across the go and Atlanta caused some delays in those country and leave tens of thousands of pascities too. Severe storms that ripped through sengers standing in airport lines. "The biggest factor is always weather," said Mississippi and Alabama, however, had little impact on air travel since no major airports American Airlines spokesman Ross Fein-

«e 'I

Sean Caraon /Union Democrat

Diana Longeway waits on diners Wednesday afternoon at the Diamondback Grill in Sonora.

"If they keep raising the minimum wage, we will not survive as a business. Over time, as the minimum

wage goesup, the price of a hamburger goesup." — lana Smith, co-owner of the Diamondback Grill in Sonora

Major county employer Black Oak Casino welcomes the raise for the 134 minimum-wage workers in the 957-member staff "It'sgoing to have a positive impact on the work environment," said Andee Houser,

law, the employer could avoid the state-mandated raise. "But we wouldn' t," Houser said. 'The tribe wouldn' t have it." The casino followed the state raise in 2014 and saw no negative impact to busidirector of human resources. ness, according to Houser. "Business is doing exThe casino tries to have a "healthy balance" in the tremely well, and it's nice work life of employees, and to reward our employees," "if you' re not making that, it' s Houser said. not really possible," Houser said.

Contact Sean Carson at

Because the casino is regu- scarson®uniondemocrat.corn lated by tribal and federal or 588-4525.



Continued from Page Al

Continued from Page Al

spiffy where the incident

took place. No other subjects are believed to be involved in the incident. A Sheriff's Office spokesperson could not be reached for comment.

The investigation is ongolilg.

Contact Tori Thomas at [email protected] or 588-4526. Follow her on Tb/i tter @Tori Thomas UD.


Sonora, California


Their phones were being answered by a law enforce-

ment agency in the state of Nevada. or another skier before the Bear Valley has about man collapsed, Gendron 1,680 acres of skiing and said. boarding between 6,600 'The entire Bear Valley feetand 8,500 feetelevation family is very saddened by west of Ebbetts Pass. The this tragic incident," said resort and other businesses Andrea Young, Bear Val- that caterto its visitors are ley'sgeneral manager. "Our an economic engine for the hearts go out to this indi- Highway 4 corridor in Calavidual's family and friends veras County. during this tremendously difficult time." Contact Guy McCarthy at Alpine County sherifFs [email protected]/democrat. and coroner' s officials could corn or 588-4585. Follow not be reached for com- him on 7loi tter @ ment Wednesday night.

G uyM cCartway.

are inthose states.


Weather wasn't the only culprit for travel headaches. A Black Lives Matter protest in Minneapolis had clogged roads around the airportand temporaril y blocked access to one of the two terminals. Passengers were moving through security again as of 4:30 local time. There were about 5,300 delays and 430 cancellat ions around 8:15 p.m.,according to flight tracking site FlightAware. That' s double the number of normal cancellations. The majority of flights canceled were smaller regional jets that carry 50 to 76 passengers. More than 28,000 flights were scheduled for Wednesday and a typical day sees about 150 cancellations and 4,000 delays.

Back-to-back storms led to more than 4,300 canceled flights around Christmas 2012. This time the Northeast corridor not only should be free of snow and ice, it should be relatively balmy with temperatures on Christmas Day in the 60s from New York


to Boston. But rain and snow are forecast

through Thursday in parts of the West, and the South and Ohio Valley could see severe storms before Christmas. Airlines have been helped recently by the El ¹no pattern that has brought above-average temperatures to northern states. Besides thevagariesofweather,airlinesin recent years have done a better job of adjusting schedules for peak holiday periods.

Nevada was 32.1 degrees Fahrenheit. It was the first Continued from Page Al time the average minimum temperature was h i gher Tuolumne and Merced river water content at t hi s sta- than water's freezing point watersheds as of Wednesday tion and it did not get much in more than a century. On is 131percent ofaverage for higher than that all year," Jan. 1, 2015, snowpack waDec. 23,according to state Haglund said. "On average, ter content was 47 percent of Water Resources data. water content should peak in thatdate'sstatewide historiElectronic readings from April to about 36 inches." cal average. Central S i erra N e vada Readings from the Lower By April 1, when snowsnowpack locations show Relief Valley snow station pack is normally at its peak, water content is 11 inches, are used to assess how much electronicreadings showed 122 percent of average for runoff TUD will get each water content was 5 percent Dec. 23. year at Pinecrest and Lyons of normal for that date, the reservoirs, Haglund said. lowest on record. Sierra ¹ Sonora rainfall and Lower vada snowpack water conWatching Lower Relief Relief snowpack water con- tent has been below historiThe key watershed for tent are above average so far calaverages for seven ofthe about 44,000 people who rely since Oct. 1. Haglund said past nine years. on Tuolumne Utilities Dis- it's "a very encouraging sign Snowpack water equivatrict for drinking water is the at this specific point in time." lentsofarthisyearis above South Fork Stanislaus River. the histori cal average for Sensors at Lower Relief Val- Avenge minimum templast late December. ley, near South Fork Stan- winter was above But state drought manfreezing islaus headwaters, showed agers say precipitation will 13.4 inches of snow water The Phillips snow course have to be "much greater equivalent on Wednesday. is one of many that will be than normal" to have signifiTom Haglund, general measured during a 10-day cant impact on California's manager for TUD, said in- window around Jan. 1 to drought, which is now three struments at a Pacific Gas determine snowpack water months into its fifth consecu& Electric snow station at c ontent estimates for t h e tive year. Lower Relief showed about Central Sierra Nevada and 60 inches of snow depth. statewide. Contact Guy McCarthy at That's about 120 percent of Water Resources people gmccarthycluniondemocrat. average for Dec. 23. say last winter was so warm, corn or 588-4585. Follow Another foot or more of the a v erage m i n imum him on [email protected] snow is expected with the temperature in the Sierra Guy McCarthy. stormforecastfor today and tonight, Haglund said. "Last year atthis time there was about 8 inches of


3" i'



HOME Continued from Page Al niversary on Dec. 5. "We have sleeping bags, but it still gets cold," Kathy McLawhorn said. eWe've been waiting for this for a

verylong time." Bruce Patrick, managing partner of Quail Hollow One Apartments, ofFered the McLawhorns a place at the complex through Hazel Mitchell of GiveSomeone a Chance, an organization that works with homeless veterans in need of housing.

"Thesepeople are the salt of our community," he said. "They went and servedforallofustoprotectour freedom, so I feel really blessed we can extend a helping hand." McLawhorn is one of six homeless veterans who have moved into the apartments over the past year, in addition to two more who are planning to move in soon. Several of the veterans housed by Patrickover the past year qualified

for housing vouchers, while others used alternate benefits and p r ogralils.

"I'm pleased to say that between these programs, they' re providing the means through which we can work with them now," he said. 'Tm

more than happy to hold units for them knowing they' re going to be forthcoming." Samantha and William Jones are also among the veterans who have moved into a unit at the complex in the past 12 months. The couple, both in their late 20s, served in the U.S. Air Force and spenttime deployed overseas. Samantha served for eight years as a medic, including a deployment to Iraq in 2008. William spent seven yearsin the Air Force security forces, during which he was deployed to Iraq in 2008 and Afghanistan in 2010 and 2013. They are raising two boys who are both younger than 10 years. The family was homeless for eight months after William was honorably discharged in September 2014. Their combined income at the time wasn't enough to afFord a place in Tuolumne County, where they have relatives, but they were also told that they made too much to qualify for subsidized housing. ARer learning of the couple's plight from a Union Democrat article in April, Patrick reached out to Mitchell and ofFered the Joneses a place to stay while they worked on getting their housing vouchers from HUD.

Maggie Beck /Union Democrat

Kathy McLawhorn (above, at left) and her husband, Kim McLawhorn (center), thank Hazel Mitchell for the housewarming and anniversary gift she gave them on their move-in day earlier this month. Mitchell (left photo, at right) helps the McLawhorns unfold a quilt made for them by Give Someone a Chance. Samantha Jones said the family is doing well and still lives at the apartments. She and her husband now receive disability benefits for "Bruce is really involved with all of his people," Jones said of Patrick. "He knows everyone's story and does a lottohelp." Patrick gives credit to Hazel Mitchell for her efforts to raise awareness about homelessness in the county. Mitchell and other volunteers conducted a survey of the county's homeless population in January

One of the most difficult parts just throw up their hands and give of housing homeless veterans is Up. helping them gather their records Despite the successes of the past and completethe necessary paper- year, Mitchell said the county is work to receive the benefits they' ve still a long way from solving homeearned, she said. lessness among military veterans. "A lotof times ittakes cash to An additional 14 homeless vetdo that, so that's where we step in erans have contacted her since the and start helping with all of that," survey was conducted earlier this Mitchell said. "Some of them have year. such bad PTSD or other disabilities Mitchell said it will require conthat they can't focus. They' re con- tinued support from the commustantly dodging things." nity to get the rest housed, along Mitchell said she can help guide with the hundreds of non-veterans the veterans through the layers of in the county who are homeless. "I think we need to look at peobureaucracy to obtain assistance,

that located 29 veterans without

but it requires them to maintain

housing, which qualified the county for 10 vouchers through HUD's Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing program. Seventeen of the 29 veterans have moved indoors over the past year, according to Mitchell.

patience and a strong will to get off

post-traumatic stress disorder.

ple aspeople,not as aristocrats or

homeless," she said. "We' re all human beings and need to look out for e You get told one thing and then each other." the next thing you know it's not happening, but they keep pushing Contact Alex MacLean at through," she said. "It takes a lot [email protected] ondemocrat.corn or of stamina to do that. Most people 588-4580. the streets.

Inside: Classifieds




Study: Some cardiac arrest victims ignore warnings

The Associated Press

Cardiac arrest claims about 350,000 U.S. lives a year. It's not a Sudden cardiac arrest may not heart attack, but worse: The heart always be so sudden: New research abruptly stops beating, its electrisuggests a lot of people may ignore cal activity knocked out of rhythm. potentially l i f e-saving w a r ning CPR can buy critical time, but so signs hours, days, even a few weeks few patients survive that it's been beforethey collapse. hard to tell if the longtime medi-


Marks leaves Mark Twain MarkTwain Medical Center President Craig Marks has resigned. Nicki Stevens, a spokeswoman for the hospital, did not return calls for comment. The Health Care District office also did not respond for comment. Marks was named hospital president in May of 2012.

cal belief is correct that it's a strike with little or no advance warning. An unusual study that has closely tracked sudden cardiac arrest in Portland, Oregon, for over a decade got around that roadblock, using interviews with witnesses, family and friendsafter patients collapse

and tracking down their medical records.

About half of middle-aged patients for whom symptom information could be found had experienced warning signs, mostly chest pain See WARNINGS / Page B6

Prompt Cares closed on holiday

Parkinson'sgroup to meet Nurse Teresa Nelson will be guest speaker at the Parkinson's Support Group of Calaveras, Tuolumne,and Mendocino counties, which will meet at 10 a.m. Jan. 5 at the Calaveras County Central Library, 1299 Gold Hunter Road, San Andreas. Nelson is a staff chaplain at Sonora Regional Medical Center. Her presentation will focus on finding meaning and purpose in life through faith, hope and love. For more information, call Rex Whisnand at 785-81 66.

Angels Camp Prompt Care and Indian Rock Prompt Care will be closed on Christmas Day. The staa' at both locations will close early on Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve. On Christmas Eve, both locations will be open from 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. Both clinics will be closed on Christmas Day. On New Year's Eve, both clinics will be open from 8 a.m. to 3 p.m. On New Year's Day, the Angels Camp clinic will be open from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m., and the Indian Rock clinic will be open from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. The Emergency Department a t

Elder program seeks volunteers The Mother Lode Office of Catholic Charities is seeking volunteers for its C.A.FE.(Connections and Awareness for Elders) program. The program is designed to help volunteers "provide a connection" to isolated and lonely older adults as well as offer support, encouragement and activities. A training session for volunteers will be held in January at St. Patrick' s Catholic Church in Sonora. The training is free. Water, coffee and snacks will be provided with an hour for lunch to go out or bring a sack lunch and eat in. The trainings will be held from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Jan. 19 and from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Jan. 21. To register, call Nancy Hansbury at 532-7632.


Experts say taking time during the holidays to sit down and do normal things with children, like reading or taking a walk, can help children — and their parents — cope with the stress of the holidays.

Stress can affect development and future well-being of children

pose an immediate, serious

child in the same way." Forester says as long as there are holidays and school, she'll be in busi-


health threat. Prompt Care is not a substitute for emergency care, a hospital statement said. If you experience serious or lif e-threatening problems, call911 or get to the nearest emergency department, a hospital statement said. AngelsCamp Prompt Care is at 23 N. Main St. in Angels Camp. IndianRock Prompt Care is at 14540 Mono Way in Sonora. The Indian Rock clinic has extended its regular hours during the Emergency Department remodel and is normally open f'rom 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.Monday through Friday and8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Saturday and Sunday.

psychiatric problems, and millions The Union Democrat more experience less serious but still distressing issues. Itdoesn'ttake a rocketscientist ness. Stress and negative events, to know that stress and trauma can According to child psychiatrist and especially in young children, change have deep, lasting impacts on chilneurologist Dr. Bruce Perry in his the normal development of neural dren, but it does take a concerned, book, 'The Boy Who Was Raised as pathways in the brain and cause the mindful parent to mitigate the nega- a Dog,"by conservativeestimates, childtoassociateperceived threats tive consequences and offer safety about 40 percent of American chilwith previous events, or sometimes and stability. dren will have at least one potenbe hypervigi lant,expertssay. "People think that trauma is a tially traumatizing experience by age A 2011 study published by the huge thing. It doesn't need to be. 18, including the death of a parent University College London said that A trauma comes from a negative or sibling, ongoing physical abuse or children exposed to family violence event," explained Claudia Forester,a neglect, sexual abuse, or experiencing show the same pattern of activity in Sonora-basedlicensed marriage and a seriousaccident,naturaldisaster, theirbrainsassoldiers exposed to family therapist who specializes in domestic violence orotherviolent combat. trauma, children, eating disorders crime. Scientists found that exposure to and posttraumaticstressdisorder. Estimates indicate that, at any family violence was associated with "A negative event can be a little given time, more than 8 million increased brain activity in two spething," she said. "What (is a stress) children in the U.S. suffer from serito me, might not be to you and a ous,diagnosable,trauma-related See STRESS/Page B2

Help offered for depression The University of California, San Francisco Institute for Health and Aging, is conducting a research project aimed at helping older adults in rural communities who are depressed. People over 60 can qualify to get 12 weeks of free case managementand mental health counseling or selfguided support with a senior peer counselor. Participants will receive gift cards as financial incentive to participate. Interventions are conducted in the client's home. For more information, call the Mother Lode Office of Catholic Charities at 532-7632. All calls are confidential.

Don't get sick from a plane flight %5$$&hals


Alcohol-based sanitizer and wipes can help keep bacteria at bay when flying.

S o n ora R egional

Medical Center is undergoing an extensive remodel but remains open 24 hours every day and will be during the Christmas and New Year' s holidays. Prompt Car e p r ovides treatment for t hings that require timely attention including colds, flu, minor cuts, burns and sprains, but do not

This holiday season, if y ou end up on a flight infested with snakes, like th e 2 006 action thriller "Snakes on a Plane," the last thing you' re going to worry about is bacteria that is lurking on tray tables or seats. But since snakes aren't going to show up on your flight (no one showed at the movie, either) and Samuel L. Jackson won't be there to help you get rid of potentially infectious microbes, it's bacteria in the airline cabin that you should be concerned about. Most airl ines do a pretty good job of keeping passenger jets clean, and the Environmental Protection Agency requires airlines to periodically test for coliform and E. coli bacteria. But


wipes. Use them to clean your hands after touching the seat pocket. Also, wipe down tray tables. You never know when they were last used as a baby-changing station.Sanitize before and after eating meals. In the restroom, super-flush toilets can spew germs Mehmet Oz, M.D., (especially on a bumpy Right), so sanitize after you visit. Rememand Michael Roizen, M.D. ber tosanitize kids'hands,too. Other smart moves: Accept considering how many people fly drinks only from a sealed conin every cabin, every day, and con- tainer. And if you get stuck sitsideringthat bacteria can survive ting next to someone who's sneezfor days on an airplane, it's a good ing orcoughing, create a barrier idea to have a plan for dealing between you by using the vent with Bacteria on Your Plane. airstream from the panel above Always bring a l cohol-based your seat. hand sanitizer (only 3.4 ounces of carry-on liquid is allowed) and See OZ/Page B2

Drs. Oz and Roizen

• •

s •

Mon.— Fri., 7 a.m. —6 p.m. Sat., 8 a.m.- 2 p.m. New location: 900 Greenley Road, Suite 920


• • •

Shorter wait times for the lab Dedicated registration staff for the lab Larger waiting room for the lab

(aboveCommunity Pharmacy)

-:-' Questions? 536-3600

It's not only a draw, it's a win!

Sonora Regional Medical Center ~skdVentiSt Health


B2 — Thursday, December 24, 2015

Sonora, California


HealthyMedicine STRESS Continued from Page Bl cific brain areas — the anterior insula and the amygdala — when children viewed pictures of angry faces. P revious studies t h a t scannedthebrainsofsoldiers exposed to violentcombat situations have shown the same pattern of heightened activationin these two areas

of the brain, which are associatedwith threat detection, the study said. The findings suggest that both maltreated children and soldiers may have adapted to be "hyperaware" of danger in their environment.

The anterior insula and amygdala arealso areas of the brain implicated in anxietydisorders,the study said. Neural adaptation in these regions may explain why children exposed to family violenceare atgreater risk of developing anxiety problems later in life. For a child, a negative event could be something as "minor" as someone making fun of them, or a teacher not letting them go to the bathroom and them having an accident. The brain doesn't know what to do with the negative event, and it's often replayed in the mind and can disrupt sleeping patterns, Forester said. The child feels guilt, sadness, anger, shame and other negative thoughts and wonders if they did something wrong or if they caused the event. Often adult clients who say they are going through a hard time will say they feel like it' s their fault. When Forester asks them what it reminds them of, they often recall some of their earliest memories of feeling that way. For example, a client re-

called being in preschool and another child was made fun of for being overweight. The client remembered thinking to themselves that they never wanted to be overweight. The client wasn't the one being

m ade fun of and wasn't overweight, but later went on to have an eating disorder. Stressors can include parents separating or arguing; not having basic needs like food,exercise or attention; the death of animal; parents remarrying; someone making fun of them or calling them bad or disgusting; not having a lunch or what they need for school; rejection by peers,and so forth. "It's the little details sometimes that can affect them a lot,"Forester said. Children carry these stressors with them into adulthood. "A lot ofperceptions we have as adults are the reaction to events that happened earlier in our life," Forester

creates anxiety in them. During fight or flight, the forebrain, responsible forreasoning and emotional regulation, goes ofHine and the brain relies on primitive responses and can't be reasoned with, Sevier explained. A perfect example of this

"As parents, we are not always able to be mindful of how we are feeling. If we don' t realize that and are running around feeling anxious, do you think we can notice what is happening with our children?" Forester said. Parents should ask some-

OZ Continued from Page Bl

Walnuts: The superfood John-Boy Walton (played by Richard Thomas) was notoriously wholesome and filled with the right stuff to

rants in the U.S.; in most cities, there's a ban on spitting in public; and in many states, dancing on Sunday is still banned. But did you know that since 1996, the U.S. Congress has banned the Centers for Disease Control and P r evention (and later the National Institutes of Health) &om researching gun violence? That means the next time you hear someone say, "Only people with mental health problems shoot people," there's no research to back it up (and it might not be true). And if you tried to determine how many children are accidently shot every week in the U.S., the National Institutes of Health couldn't tell you. That's why Doctors for America, th e Na t i onal Physicians Alliance, the Committee of Interns and Residents, the American Medical Women's Association and the American Medical Student Association recentlypetitioned several

is all of the stress around the

one for help, not try to make

assure that his future was

holidaysthat can beabsorbed by children. Many t imes, adults build this perfect picture of what the holiday is supposed to be like, but it often comes up short, Sevier

holidays perfect and relax their expectati ons, Forester

The brain tries to make sense of the world by looking for patterns, Perry said in his book. " Resilient children a r e made, not born," he said. And the developing brain is most malleable and most sensitive to both good and bad

"So what if you' re going to have paper plates?" she said. The high energy of events Said. can be overwhelming to chilThere are financial stress- dren who thrive on stabilors,family issues that resur- ity, consistency and routine. face,and a packed, overstim- Stress can have physical ulating schedule that oflen health effects like lack of involves dragging children sleep,increased heart rate, along &om place to place faster b reathing, m uscle where they have no control tension, slowed digestion, or input to the situation and increased blood pressure, are expectedto behave li ke comfort eating, feelings of angels. sadness, restlessness, irri"Children really look to tability, crying, ties, nervous parents as a barometer for fidgeting, sweating, fingernail measuring how they react chewing and headaches. and how stressful a situation The most important thing is, and they will mirror that," parents can do to help chilSevier said. "They are very dren duringstressful times

experiences early in life.

well attuned to our emotional

is to take a minute and calm

happy and healthy.If you ask us, his show could have been called 'The Walnuts," because that wholesome, crunchy treat is also filled with the right stufF to help you live a happy, healthy life: omega-3 fatty acid, folateand assorted forms of vitamin E. Several studies h a ve found that eating walnuts improves heart health, lowers lousy LDL cholesterol and reduces your risk for diabetes — and they reduce your appetite! Now, a new study (sponsored by the California Walnut Board) looked at walnuts' efFect on the health of folks 25 to 75 years old who had multiple riskfactorsfordiabetes,such as being overweight; hav- members of C ongress to ing elevated levels of blood overturn that law and alsugar, LDL cholesterol and low the CDC and NIH to do blood pressure; or excess such research. fataround their midsection. By this time next year, It confirmed that eating 100,000 U.S. residents will about 2 ounces (14 walnut have been shot and 32,000 halves) daily for six months will have been killed. We improves blood vessel func- can start to slow this public tion, reduces lousy LDL cho- health crisis by allowing the lesterol and leads to overall CDC and NIH to do their improved nutritional habits. jobs. Although some states So how can you enjoy your keep statistics on gun viodaily dose of walnuts? Chop lence and national research six halves and sprinkle on is done by private concerns 100 percent whole-grain like www.bradycampaign. cereal. At lunch, break four org, www.shootingtracker. into an arugula salad with corn a i l d www . g ullvlobeets and tangerine sec-, those ortions. And at dinner, top off ganizations haven't been a tasty pesto sauce, over 100 able to get the law changed. percent whole-grain pasta, Maybe this effort will. with the last four halves Knowledge about what of the day. They also taste triggers gun violence can great with fish, skinless help reduce it without imchicken, mixed into steamed pinging on the right of reveggies, or all by t hem- sponsible citizens to bear selves. Mehmet likes them arms. All Americans should soaked in water, and Mike support that. likes them toasted!


Stress on children is caused states." from not having their basic Parents are often wrapped needs met, said Sonora-based up in the stress of finishing school psychologist Jason Se- every item on their list and won't notice a child is stressed vier. 'The thing that gives a child out until a child gets upset stress is feelings of emotional and acts out. "We tell the child to calm disconnection &om their caregivers," Sevier said. down, and it feeds into the So if the child's caregivers mistaken belief that t hey are attentiveand responsive are the cause of the parent's to their needs, the stress they stress," he said. Children in experience &om everyday oc- preschool through primary currencescan be mitigated. grades will internalize stress, Children thrive on having and their egocentricresponse theiremotional needs recog- makes them think they are nized and responded to in an responsible. "The first person we should accepting way, rather than in a shaming way, like: "I can' t calm down is ourself. I need believe you' re acting like this to get back right with myself. rightnow. Why are you doing That models to the child how this to me?' " Sevier said. to calm down," Sevier said. When human beings are According to Perry, ulti-


down, take a walk with them, have a snack, and get back to a stable place. Once the child's brain is back online, from being off in fight or flight mode after an emotional surge, parents

can engagein verbal problem solving, Sevier said. Parents must take care of themselves in order to take care of their children properly. "How we are doing as parents is the foundation of how the family is doing," Sevier said.

Stress, especially during the holidays, can be mitigated by giving children a verbal preview of events and provides a chance for connectedness before the times of dysregulation, Sevier said. emotionallystressed, the nat- mately what determines how For example, tell the child, ural tendency is to reconnect children survive trauma is "Ok, we are going to grandwith those who we love and whether the people around ma's and then aunt so-andtrust.If they aren't available them stand by them with love, so's, but when we get there, do for whatever reason — their support and encouragement. you want to eat first or play Parents need to be calm, outside first?" which gives own stress or issues — the childretreats and goes into eat well and try not to be re- them a chance to exercise fight or flight mode, which active,Forester said. some choice. This is so you don't find yourself in response mode. You' re being proactive, listening more than telling, Sevier explained.

Mehmet Oz,M.D. is host

of"The Dr.Oz Shou,"and Mike Roizen, MD. is Chief Wellness Officer and Chair There's a ban on smoking of Wellness Institute at in most bars and restau- Cleveland Clinic.

Working against gun violent


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Or W W W , u n i O n d e m O C ra t , C O m ( f o r private party advertisers) The U n i o n D e m o c r a t : 8 4 So u t h W a s h i n g t o n S t r e e t . , S o n o r a , C a l i f o r n i a 9 5 3 7 0 205 Rentals/Apartments

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301 Employment

BILINGUAL (SPANISH and ENGLISH) • PARAPROFESSIONAL Part- Time M-F, 2.5 hrs/ day, $11.99-$15.40/hr. UPPER CRYSTAL FALLS •OFFICE CLERK1 Bdrm w/ private deck Jamestown Family 8 view. No smk/pets. Util's paid. $675/mo+dp. Resource Center, PartTime, M-Th., 4 hrs/day. Call 209-586-9626 $13.93-$17.34 /hour. App / job descriptions 215 avail. at the Jamestown Rooms to Rent District Office, 18299 5th Ave., Jamestown, or LARGE ROOM IN ' Sonora Meadows. Open until filled. EOE Furnished. $500/mo+ Utilities 408-775-1032 CALAVERAS CO Visit us on the web: ROOM FOR RENT IN Huge Home. All util's pd except TV and phone. CAMP TUOLUMNE $350/mo. Ph. 206-1670 TRAILS in Groveland hiring camp workers P/T Get paid to clean starting early January. Complete job descript. your garage... www.tuolumnetrails.or sell your stuff In The Union Democrat Ask your classified Classified Section representative about 588-4515 ATTENTION GETTERS

301 Employment

SUGAR PINE 1/1 800 sf. W/D, wat/sew/ garb. incl'd. $700/mo. +dep. (209) 770-5098


A plugger'struck isalw ays equipped with a powerful foglight. 110 Lots/Acreage

HOMES FOR SALE OR RENT CATEGORY 101-250 FOR SALB 101- Homes 105 - Ranches 110- Lots/Acreage 115 - Commerdal 120 - IncomeProperty 125 - Mobile Homes 130 - MobileHomesonLand 135 - ResortProperty 140 - RealEstateWanted


TUOLUMNE 2/1+DEN Pool access, wd stove $895, 533-9966 FrontierForRent.corn

GOT LAND YET? In the Forest, 18 acres, Forest Service Rd from Camp 9; $95k - Terms. -AND -20 Happy Acres Angels Camp, 4394 Appaloosa Way, 4.9 mi So. of Hwy 4. Pvd Rd. pwr, phone and spring. Dr. and pad cut in. $95k, $19kEdn. Seller finance at 5% APR, 15 yrs, $601/mo. 785-1491 www.bambiland.corn

TUOLUMNE 2BD/1 BA on acres. Priv. Pets ok. $850/mo+dep. Water paid. Michelle 586-7883



REDUCED $599K! Newer 4,900 sq ft, ADA compliant office building, landscaped, many amenities, perfect for the entrepreneur! W/lots of parking! On Mono Way! Agent, 962-0718 201 Rentals/Homes

TWAIN HARTE 2/1/1car garage, water/sew/ garb incl. $795/month. Call Jim, 743-1097 TWAIN HARTE 2/2ON creek. 2 c-gar, level site. Wood heat. Avail. 2/10. $1050/mo. 586-4565 205

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SONORA ROOM Share home. $475/mo. incl's util's 8 cable. Avail now. (209) 206-1270

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The real estate advertised herein is subject to the State and Federal Fair Housing Act, which makes it illegal to advertise 'any preference, limitation, or discrimination because of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, familial status, national origin or source of income, or intention to make any such preference, limitation or discrimination'. We will not knowingly accept any advertisement for real estate that is in violation of the law. All persons are hereby informed that all dwellings advertised are available on an equal opportunity basis.

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MARK TWAIN APTS. Newly Remodelled 1 & 2 bdrms. Available now! (209) 984-1097

225 Mobile/RV Spaces SIERRA VILLAGE RV Space on nice wooded lot nr bus stop. $375/mo +dep. & util's. 568-7009

230 Storage QUAIL HOLLOW MINI STORAGE Open 7 days, 8am-6pm Greenley Road to Cabezut across from Quail Hollow Apts., Sonora. 533-2214 235

Vacation VACATION RENTALS Daily/Weekly/Monthly, starting at $75/night. 209-533-1310 QuailHollow1.corn 245 Commercial CAMAGE AVE Industrial space up to 21,000 s.f. for lease. Call for info 533-8962 NEW COMMERCIAL BLDG. Sonora off Hwy. 108. 1000 sf & 2000 sf Bernie (209) 586-6514

OFFICE OR CLEAN BUSINESS in East Sonora, 1200 sq. ft. 14775 Mono Way Doug, 533-4315 days OFFICE/WAREHOUSE 14599 Tuolumne Rd 10,800 sq. ft. with 1/2 acre. Fenced storage yard. 10+ parking. Comm. Lease 532-7238



301-330 Quail Hollow One MOTHER LODE PROPERTY MANAGEMENT FOR A LIST OF RENTAL PROPERTIES..... NEAR GROVELAND 3bdr/2.5ba on acre in the pines. Garage/shop Wood & propane heat. Must have yard/handyman tools. $1000/mo+ dp. 743-1119/984-5011 SIERRA T.H. MHP: 2/1 $700/mo. Water/sewer incl. CH&A. No smk. 586-5090 / 768-9050

Apartments 20230 Grouse Way Sonora, CA 95370

In God We Trust Starting at ..

5805 Amenities: Clubhouse, pool, weight room. Expanded basic cable included in rent. Call 209-533-1310

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SONORA STUDIO Utilities incl. w/ internet. No Smk. $700/mo.+ $700dp. Call 532-8872

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